Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

sleep apnoea | Ecome Medical | South Africa

Do you have trouble concentrating

or remembering things? 

Research shows that oxygen desaturation as a result of untreated Sleep Apnoea can also

impair brain function and lead to memory loss and impaired concentration.

Firstly, lets find out what Sleep Apnoea is?

Sleep Apnoea is a common sleeping disorder which occurs when you regularly stop breathing for 10 seconds or more during sleep. It can be mild, moderate or severe depending on how many times per hour you stop breathing (apnoea) or when breathing becomes very shallow (hypopnoea). Sleep Apnoea episodes may occur from 5 to 100 times per hour, with more than 5 Apnoeas per hour being abnormal and 30-40 Apnoeas per hour considered severe Sleep Apnoea.

 

There are 3 types of Sleep Apnoea:

  • Central Sleep Apnoea (CSA) - is when you regularly stop breathing while you sleep because your brain doesn’t tell your muscles to take in air. 

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) - occurs when there is a blockage or narrowing of the airways in your nose, mouth or throat. This is usually caused by the relaxation of the tongue, throat muscles, bone deformities of the jaw or face, or larger than normal tissues in your nose, mouth or throat, which is the most common form of Sleep Apnoea.

  • Mixed Sleep Apnoea -  is a combination between obstructive and central apnea.

Other factors which may make Sleep Apnoea more likely includes obesity, certain medications and alcohol before bed.

APAP - Automatic Positive Airway Pressure

  • An APAP is best suited for a patient who's breathing changes during sleep.

  • The APAP will automatically adjust to meet the specific need of the patients breathing during sleep.  

  • The APAP will adjust the pressure throughout the night as you move through different stages of sleep. 

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BiPAP - BiLevel Positive Airway Pressure

  • A BPAP is suited for patients who have muscle problems.

  • The BPAP can be set to ensure the patient reaches a set number of breathes per minute.

  • The BPAP reduces pressure during exhalation to allow the patient to exhale easier, the pressure will increase again on inhalation. 

CPAP - Continuous Positive Airway Pressure

  • A CPAP is typically used by patients who have continuous breathing problems during sleep.

  • The CPAP offer a continuous pressure through out the night. 

  • Commonly used for patients with mild to moderate sleep disorders.

Portable CPAP - Continuous Positive Airway Pressure

  • The Portable CPAP offers heated tubing to eliminate the water condensation even in the coolest conditions. 

  • The system will continuously monitor the water level in the humidifier.  

  • Integrated with respiration & ventilation, abundant advanced
    technology and algorithm on pressure release, synchronization and event
    diagnosis.

Full Face Mask

Nasal Mask

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Nasal Pillow

What are the consequences of untreated Sleep Apnoea?

 

If you suffer from Sleep Apnoea, you may have difficulty concentrating and feel tired throughout the day. Therefore your work performance may be suffering, you may fall asleep during conversation, at work or even while driving.

Sleep Apnoea causes a disruption in your sleeping patterns preventing you from reaching and maintaining the deeper stages of sleep.

When you stop breathing (apnoea) or have very shallow breaths (hypopnoea) it may result in lower oxygen levels in the blood. If left untreated this lack of oxygen can lead to serious health problems such as high blood pressure (hypertension), high blood pressure in the lungs (pulmonary hypertension), abnormal heart rate, heart failure, coronary artery disease (CAD) and strokes.

You also have a higher risk of dementia, sexual dysfunction, obesity, depression and diabetes amongst other complications.

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